The superstructure is that part of the building which is mainly above the ground, unlike the substructure which is mainly below ground. The principal elements or parts of the superstructure, such as walls, are listed nearby. You can easily see the effects of the superstructure, although some parts may be covered by a cladding or finish such as roof tiles, wall plaster, or floor tiles.
All parts of a building have a purpose. The superstructure forms the general protective barrier between ourselves inside and the climate outside.
The superstructure must also remain stable and be strong enough to carry loads (forces) and transfer them elsewhere. For example, the main walls must support their own weight (dead loads) and often they must also carry the loads from the roof and the floors. These forces are transferred to the foundations and then to the ground. Other loads on the superstructure are generated by the items we place inside the building (superimposed loads) and by sideways (lateral) effects such as the wind.
The things that a superstructure does -
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